Lesson 2: “The Constitution vs. the Articles of Confederation” (Grades 3-5)
Background: While the Articles of Confederation were an important first attempt at creating the guiding principles for our nascent government, it became clear very quickly that such a decentralized government would be ineffective in allowing anything to get done; however, the road to a federal constitution was neither fast nor easy.
There were many, and remain many still today that preferred to have the bulk of governmental power reside in the states and not within a federal government; they worried it would become tyrannical and abusive, much like the monarchy of England had. Federalism, however, won out in the end, and this lesson will allow students to examine both documents, explore the beliefs of Federalists and Anti-Federalists, and form a general understanding of and opinion about the documents themselves and the issues surrounding them.
Objective: To ensure and enhance student understanding of concepts related to the Constitution and Articles of Confederation, specifically students will be able to:
Activities: Compare and contrast the two documents using this CHART and the linked resources below. Similarities? Differences?
DCPS Social Studies Standards and National U.S. History Content Standards covered:
Virginia History and Social Science Standards of Learning covered:
Maryland State Social Studies Curriculum Standards covered: